This is a predefined sub-study of the Endothelial Dysfunction in Resuscitated Cardiac Arrest (ENDO-RCA) trial.
We aim to investigate Iloprost, a prostacyclin analogue, safety by evaluating change in whole blood platelet aggregometry (Multiplate) in out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients from baseline to 96-h post randomization.A randomized, placebo controlled double-blinded trial in 46 OHCA patients. Patients were allocated 1:2 to 48 h Iloprost infusion, (1 ng/kg/min) or placebo (saline infusion). Platelet aggregation was determined by platelet aggregation tests ASPI-test (arachidonic acid); TRAP-test (thrombin-receptor activating peptide (TRAP)-6; RISTO test (Ristocetin); ADP test (adenosin diphosphat).
There was no significant difference between the iloprost and placebo groups according to ASPI, TRAP, RISTO and ADP platelet aggregation assays. Further, no significant differences regarding risk of bleeding were found between groups (Risk of bleeding: ASPI <40 U; TRAP <92 U; RISTO <35 U; ADP <50 U).
In conclusion, the iloprost infusion did not influence platelet aggregation as evaluated by the ASPI, TRAP, RISTO and ADP assays. There was no increased risk of bleeding or transfusion therapy. A decline in platelet aggregation was observed for the ASPI and ADP assays during the initial 96 h after OHCA.Trial registration at clinicaltrials.gov (identifier NCT02685618) on 18-02-2016.
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Platelet function testing is a cornerstone in the diagnostic investigation of patients with a bleeding history. Multiple electrode aggregometry (MEA) has been shown to detect von Willebrand disease (VWD), platelet function disorders, and drug-induced bleeding disorders. However, there are few studies supporting its successful use in children. We have implemented and used MEA over 3 years in our hemostasis laboratory in order to study its usefulness to supplement and expedite diagnosis.
This is a retrospective, single-center, cohort study of 109 hospitalized children who underwent a laboratory investigation of hemostasis and either had a reported bleeding history or an abnormal bleeding episode.
Plasmatic coagulation testing, blood counts, plasmatic von Willebrand testing, platelet function analyzer (PFA-100), and impedance aggregometry (MEA) were performed in all children. Light transmission aggregometry testing was performed as needed.
In 41 cases (37.6%), a working diagnosis was made; a primary hemostatic disorder was detected in 35 children (VWD (n = 16), platelet disorder (n = 15), and valproic acid therapy-induced bleeding disorder (n = 3), acetylsalicylic acid-related bleeding (n = 1). In patients diagnosed with VWD, MEA ristocetin-induced platelet aggregation test (RISTO) high test revealed abnormally low aggregation in six patients (43.8%); whereas in patients diagnosed with a platelet function disorder, abnormally low values were found by MEA in only three children (20%).
Three of the four children with laboratory evidence of drug-induced platelet dysfunction had abnormalities on MEA.
There were no cases in which an abnormal MEA result was used to make a previously undetermined diagnosis. Retrospectively, MEA has demonstrated limited additional diagnostic value beyond standard laboratory testing for detecting defects of primary hemostasis in children.